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                 主讲人: 北京外国语大学 何凯文


一.Listening Comprehension

Part 1 .Short Conversation  


1.  主题思维: 上文提到一件事情(用一般疑问句进行提问),这就是对话主题。下文会给


2.  否定思维:评价性否定;事实性否定;邀请性否定

3.  听到什么不选什么的思维:安全感的获得


Eg1.             A) Taking photographs  .       B) Enhancing images.

C) Mending cameras.           D) Painting pictures.

听力原文:      W: Do you let people know when you're taking pictures of them?

M: I try not to. You know any picture of a person who poses for the camera would look dull and unnatural.

Q: What are the speakers talking about?

Eg2 .            A) Get some small change.  B) Find a shopping center.

C) Cash a check at a bank.   D) Find a parking meter.

听力原文:      M: Excuse me, do you have change for a ten-dollar note? I need to pay the parking meter.

W: I'm sorry, but I think you can get it through the money changer in the shopping center across the street.

Q: What is the man trying to do?

Eg3 .            A) Shopping with his son.    B) Buying a gift for a child.

C) Promoting a new product.  D) Bargaining with a salesgirl.

听力原文:      M: Can you recommend something that a school boy of 7 or 8 will really like?

W: I'd suggest this toy train, sir. It's an excellent brand, very popular all over the world these days.

Q: What is the man doing?

Eg4.                  A) Looking for a timetable        B) Buying the furniture

                C) Reserving a table             D) Window shopping

听力原文:      M: Have a table for four?

                W: Certainly, sir. A corner table or would you rather be near the window?

                Q: What is the man doing?

Eg5.                  A) He moved to Baltimore when he was young.

B) He can provide little useful information.

C) He will show the woman around Baltimore.

D) He will ask someone else to help the woman.

听力原文:    W: I need to talk to someone who knows Baltimore well. I'm told you lived there.

M: Oh, but I was really young at the time.

Q: What does the man mean?

Eg6.             A) He is rather disappointed.        B) He is highly ambitious.

C) He can’t face up to the situation.   D) He knows his own limitations.


听力原文:     W: Aren't you disappointed that you didn't get the promotion?

M: Maybe a little, but I know I need more experience before I'm ready for that kind of responsibility.

Q: What do we learn about the man from this conversation?

Eg7.                 A) She bought a new set of furniture from Italy last month.

              B) She sold all her furniture before she moved house.

C) She plans to put all her old furniture in the basement.

D) She still keeps some old furniture in her new house.

听力原文:    M:  Did you really give away all your furniture when you moved into the new house last month?

W:  Just the useless pieces, as I’m planning to purchase a new set from Italy for the sitting room only.

Q: What does the woman mean?

Eg8.          A) He has got a heart attack.      B) He was badly hurt.

C) He was unharmed.           D) He has fully recovered from the shock.

听力原文:    W: Were you hurt in the accident?

M: I was shocked at the time, but wasn't hurt at all. My bike was totally damaged though.

Q: What do we know about the man?

Eg9.         A) John Smith isn't in right now. 

             B) John Smith can't come to the phone right now.

             C) John Smith doesn't want to speak to the caller.

             D) The caller dialed the wrong number.

Eg10.        A) She wants to take the most direct way.

             B) She may be late for the football game.

             C) She is worried about missing her flight.

             D) She is currently caught in a traffic jam.

听力原文:  W: Airport, please. I’m running a little late. So just take the fastest way even if it’s not the most direct.

M: Sure, but there is a lot of traffic everywhere today because of the football game.

Q: What do we learn about the woman from the conversation?

Eg 11.        A) He is an experienced sales manager.

             B) He is being interviewed for a job.

             C) He is not in a vacant position.

             D) He is good at answering tricky questions.

听力原文:   W: now one more question if you don’t mind, what position in the company appeals to you most?

M: Well, I’d like the position of sales manager if that position is still vacant.

Q: What do we learn about the man?



Part 2.  Long Conversation



  [A] To go sightseeing.            [B] To have meetings.

  [C] To promote a new champagne.  [D] To join in a training program.


  M: Hi, Ann, welcome back. How’s your trip to the states?

  W: Very busy, [19]I had a lot of meetings.

19. Why did the woman go to New York?



[A] Data collection.         [B] Training consultancy.

[C] Corporate management.  [D] Information processing.


   W: What’s your line of business, Mr. Johnson?

   M: We are a training consultancy.

   25. What is the man’s line of business?

Part 3. Passages


29.   A) Michael’s parents got divorced.       B) Karen was adopted by Ray Anderson.

C) Karen’s mother died in a car accident.  D) A truck driver lost his life in a collision.


The impact of the collision killed Karen’s mother instantly, but she was left trapped in the burning car.


A) At a local club.     C)At the sports center

B) At Joe’s house.     D)At the bearing school.


Joe is a day student, but I am a boarding student. We haven’t been in same classes, sports or extra-curricular activities. Nonetheless, I spend nearly every weekend at his house and we talk on the phone every night.


A) Kevin is nine years old                 B) Kevin is handsome

C) Kevin is single                        D) Kevin is lack of efficiency

Part 4. Dictation

26.                 27.                     28.                    29.
30.                 31.                     32.                    33.
34.                 35.










              新浪微博:      何凯文




1.There is no consensus of opinions among people as to … some people tend to have a favorable attitude toward…While, others have an unpleasant association with…

2. Recently, the issue of ...... has been brought into public focus.


3. Recently the issue of (whether …or not) has been in the limelight(成为引人注目的中心) and has aroused wide concern in the public.


4. Along with the advance of the society more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of which is ....



1.Most of us ,however,have formed a different picture of…some people think they are beneficial, while others hold the opposite view.

2.And we rarely reach an absolute consensus on such a controversial issue.


3.People from different backgrounds would put different interpretations on the same case.


4. harbor the idea that,

  take the attitude that,

  hold the view that, 认为


1.Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures.

2.As far as I am concerned, I am inclined to be on the side of the former view.


3.After a thorough consideration, for my part, I am in favor of the former view.



Section B
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

Universities Branch Out

A)  As never before in their long history, universities have become instruments of national competition as well as instruments of peace. They are the place of the scientific discoveries that move economies forward, and the primary means of educating the talent required to obtain and maintain competitive advantage. But at the same time, the opening of national borders to the flow of goods, services, information and especially people has made universities a powerful force for global integration, mutual understanding and geopolitical stability.

B)  In response to the same forces that have driven the world economy, universities have become more self-consciously global: seeking students from around the world who represent the entire range of cultures and values, sending their own students abroad to prepare them for global careers, offering courses of study that address the challenges of an interconnected world and collaborative (合作的) research programs to advance science for the benefit of all humanity.

C)  Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across borders. Over the past three decades the number of students leaving home each year to study abroad has grown at an annual rate of 3.9 percent, from 800,000 in 1975 to 2.5 million in 2004. Most travel from one developed nation to another, but the flow from developing to developed countries is growing rapidly. The reverse flow, from developed to developing countries, is on the rise, too. Today foreign students earn 30 percent of the doctoral degrees awarded in the United States and 38 percent of those in the United Kingdom. And the number crossing borders for undergraduate study is growing as well, to 8 percent of the undergraduates at America’s best institutions and 10 percent of all undergraduates in the U.K. In the United States, 20 percent of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born, and in China many newly hired faculty members at the top research universities received their graduate education abroad.

D)  Universities are also encouraging students to spend some of their undergraduate years in another country. In Europe, more than 140,000 students participate in the Erasmus program each year, taking courses for credit in one of 2,200 participating institutions across the continent. And in the United States, institutions are helping place students in summer internships (实习) abroad to prepare them for global careers. Yale and Harvard have led the way, offering every undergraduate at least one international study or internship opportunity—and providing the financial resources to make it possible.

E)  Globalization is also reshaping the way research is done. One new trend involves sourcing portions of a research program to another country. Yale professor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Tian Xu directs a research center focused on the genetics of human disease at Shanghai’s Fudan University, in collaboration with faculty colleagues from both schools. The Shanghai center has 95 employees and graduate students working in a 4,300-square-meter laboratory facility. Yale faculty, postdoctors and graduate students visit regularly and attend videoconference seminars with scientists from both campuses. The arrangement benefits both countries; Xu’s Yale lab is more productive, thanks to the lower costs of conducting research in China, and Chinese graduate students, postdoctors and faculty get on-the-job training from a world-class scientist and his U.S. team.

F)  As a result of its strength in science, the United States has consistently led the world in the commercialization of major new technologies, from the mainframe computer and the integrated circuit of the 1960s to the Internet infrastructure (基 础 设 施 ) and applications software of the 1990s. The link between university-based science and industrial application is often indirect but sometimes highly visible: Silicon Valley was intentionally created by Stanford University, and Route 128 outside Boston has long housed companies spun off from MIT and Harvard. Around the world, governments have encouraged copying of this model, perhaps most successfully in Cambridge, England, where Microsoft and scores of other leading software and biotechnology companies have set up shop around the university.

G)  For all its success, the United States remains deeply hesitant about sustaining the research-university model. Most politicians recognize the link between investment in science and national economic strength, but support for research funding has been unsteady. The budget of the National Institutes of Health doubled between 1998 and 2003, but has risen more slowly than inflation since then. Support for the physical sciences and engineering barely kept pace with inflation during that same period. The attempt to make up lost ground is welcome, but the nation would be better served by steady, predictable increases in science funding at the rate of long-term GDP growth, which is on the order of inflation plus 3 percent per year.

H)  American politicians have great difficulty recognizing that admitting more foreign students can greatly promote the national interest by increasing international understanding. Adjusted for inflation, public funding for international exchanges and foreign-language study is well below the levels of 40 years ago. In the wake of September 11, changes in the visa process caused a dramatic decline in the number of foreign students seeking admission to U.S. universities, and a corresponding surge in enrollments in Australia, Singapore and the U.K. Objections from American university and business leaders led to improvements in the process and a reversal of the decline, but the United States is still seen by many as unwelcoming to international students.

I) Most Americans recognize that universities contribute to the nation’s well-being through their scientific research, but many fear that foreign students threaten American competitiveness by taking their knowledge and skills back home. They fail to grasp that welcoming foreign students to the United States has two important positive effects: first, the very best of them stay in the States and—like immigrants throughout history—strengthen the nation; and second, foreign students who study in the United States become ambassadors for many of its most cherished (珍视) values when they return home. Or at least they understand them better. In America as elsewhere, few instruments of foreign policy are as effective in promoting peace and stability as welcoming international university students.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。

46. American universities prepare their undergraduates for global careers by giving them chances for international study or internship.

47. Since the mid-1970s, the enrollment of overseas students has increased at an annual rate of 3.9 percent.

48. The enrollment of international students will have a positive impact on America rather than threaten its competitiveness.

49. The way research is carried out in universities has changed as a result of globalization.

50. Of the newly hired professors in science and engineering in the United States, twenty percent come from foreign countries.

51. The number of foreign students applying to U.S. universities decreased sharply after September 11 due to changes in the visa process.

52. The U.S. federal funding for research has been unsteady for years.

53. Around the world, governments encourage the model of linking university-based science and industrial application.

54. Present-day universities have become a powerful force for global integration.

55. When foreign students leave America, they will bring American values back to their home countries.




We sometimes think humans are uniquely vulnerable to anxiety, but stress seems to affect the immune defenses of lower animals too.

One of the most startling examples of how the mind can alter the immune response was discovered by chance.

题目:1.  The passage tells us that the most probable reason for the death of the mice in Ader’s experiment was that ________.

A) they had been weakened psychologically by the saccharin

B) the sweetener was poisonous to them

C) their immune systems had been altered by the mind

D) they had taken too much sweetener during earlier conditioning

2.    It can be concluded from the passage that the immune systems of animals ________.

A) can be weakened by mind    B) can be suppressed by drug injections

C) can be affected by frequent doses of saccharin

D) can be altered by electric shocks

Eg2. 主题词:weak dollar

52. Why do Americans feel humiliated?

A.Their economy is plunging   

B.Their currency has slumped

  C.They can't afford trips to Europe   

D. They have lost half of their assets.

53.How does the current dollar affect the life of ordinary Americans?

A.They have to cancel their vacations in New York.

  B.They find it unaffordable to dine in mom-and-pop restaurants.

  C.They have to spend more money when buying imported goods.

  D.They might lose their jobs due to potential economic problems.

54. How do many Europeans feel about the U.S with the devalued dollar?

A.They feel contemptuous of it  

B.They are sympathetic with it.

C.They regard it as a superpower on the decline.

D.They think of it as a good tourist destination.

55. what is the author's advice to Americans?

A.They treat the dollar with a little respect  

B.They try to win in the weak-dollar gamble

C.They vacation at home rather than abroad 

D.They treasure their marriages all the more.



1.But for many, the fact that poor people are able to support themselves almost as well without government aid as they did with it is in itself a huge victory.

2. The fact that artisans, who were looked on as mechanics or skilled workers in the eighteenth century, are frequently considered artists today is directly attributable to the Arts and Crafts Movement of the nineteenth century.




Part IV Translation (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

剪纸(paper cutting)是中国最为流行的传统民间艺术形式之一。中国剪纸 有一千五百多年的历史,在明朝和清朝时期(the Ming and Qing Dynasties)特别 流行。人们常用剪纸美化居家环境。特别是在春节和婚庆期间,剪纸被用来装饰 门窗和房间,以增加喜庆的气氛。剪纸最常用的颜色是红色,象征健康和兴旺。 中国剪纸在世界各地很受欢迎,经常被用作馈赠外国友人的礼物。

Part IV Translation

Paper cutting is one of China’s most popular traditional folk arts. Chinese paper cutting has a history of more than 1,500 years. It was widespread particularly during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. People often beautify their homes with paper cuttings. During the Spring Festival and wedding celebrations, in particular, paper cuttings are used to decorate doors, windows and rooms in order to enhance the joyous atmosphere. The color most frequently used in paper cutting is red, which symbolizes health and prosperity. Chinese paper cutting is very popular around the world and it is often given as a present to foreign friends.


1. 生活时间角度

(1) we have been always considering sth (recreational activities) as something to relax ourselves or something that can add color to the dull routine of every day life.


(2) Sth will make our life more enjoyable, that is to say, sth can add color to the dull routine of every day life.


(3) For the majority of people, reading or learning a new skill has become the focus of their lives and the source of their happiness and contentment

    对大多数人来讲,阅读或学习一项新技术已成为他们生活的中心和快乐的来源

(4)Furthermore, students living in their own home would have access to a comfortable life and have more opportunities to communicate with their parents, which have beneficial impact on development of their personal character.


(5) sth, by occupying spare time so constructively, makes a person contented, with no time for boredom.

  Sth 很有建设意义的占据了人们的空余时间,使得人们很满足,进而没有时间来觉得无聊。(6)Sth does not occupy students’ too much time. In fact, it is unhealthy for them to spend all of time on their study. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

     Sth 不会占据学生太多的时间.实际上让他们把所有的时间都花在学习上也是不健康的,就如一句俗话所说:劳逸结合。

(7)What‘s more, living in school can save them a great deal of time on the way between home and school everyday, so they would be able to concentrate more time and energy on their academic work.


(8)Furthermore, students living in their own home would have access to a comfortable life and have more opportunities to communicate with their parents, which have beneficial impact on development of their personal character.



(1)Little by little, our knowledge will be well enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened.


(2)For people who want to adopt a healthy and meaningful life style, it is important to find time to learn certain new knowledge. Just as an old saying goes: it is never too late to learn.


(3)The majority of students believe that part-time job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.


(4)Many parents believe that additional educational activities enjoy obvious advantage. By extra studies, they maintain, their children are able to obtain many kinds of practical skills and useful knowledge, which will put them in a beneficial position in the future job markets when they grow up.


(5)By taking a major-related part-job, students can not only improve their academic studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get from the textbooks.


(6)Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that learning new skills and knowledge contributes directly to enhancing their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.


(7)In the first place, extra studies bring about unhealthy impacts on physical growth of children. Educational experts point out that, it is equally important to take some sport activities instead of extra studies when children have spent the whole day in a boring classroom.

    首先,额外的学习对孩子们的身体发育是不利的。教育专家指出,孩子们在枯燥的教室里呆了一整天后,从事一些体育活动,而不是额外的学习,是非常重要的。


(1)Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that some certain sports contribute directly to our health by giving us some physical exercises.


(2)As a matter of fact, travel has become part of our life. This situation is encouraging, for it not only broadens people's minds to the extend which may not be reached previously, but also relaxes them physically, which help people work out mental problems more actively.


(3) Pollution poses a great threat to our existence.

    污染对我们的生存造成巨大威胁。

  Some of the…are poisonous and dangerous to health.

(4)Environmental experts point out that increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could threaten to end human life on our planet.

  环境学家指出:持续增加的污染不仅会导致像全球变暖这样严重的问题,而且还将威胁到人类在这个星球的生存。

(5)…Under considerable pressure from… therefore…will only add to their burden.


(6) I see three kinds of pressure working on people today: pressure from education, family and career. It is easy to blame the school for charging too much money, the family members for the heavy burden, the society for the fierce competition. I think people should relax. It is important for them to keep a good mood under whatever circumstances.


(7)Moreover, children will have less time to play and communicate with their peers due to extra studies, consequently, it is difficult to develop and cultivate their character and interpersonal skills. They may become more solitary and even suffer from certain mental illness.



(1)sth can give students team-spirit and teach them how to cooperate with others. Because in those activities, students usually need to cooperate with others in order to get good achievement.

Sth 可以赋予学生们团队精神,并教会他们学会与人合作。因为在这些活动中,学生通常需要相互合作目的是得到提高。


(1)In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past.

 在过去的几十年,先进的医疗技术已经使得人们比过去活的时间更长成为可能。

(2)Admittedly, this limit has made it possible for the public to realize the importance of environmental protection and enable we Chinese people to cherish the beauty of our communities.


(3)Although many people claim that, along with the rapid economic development, the number of people who use bicycle is decreasing and bicycle is bound to die out. The information I’ve collected over the recent years leads me to believe that bicycle will continue to play extremely important roles in modern society.



(1)Most people are under the illusion that a college degree guarantees success. There is no such guarantee without hard work.


(2)While the inclination to procrastinate is common, one must fully consider the detrimental impact of unnecessary delays.


(3)The tendency to take things for granted is understandable, but the need for one to rationally evaluate the circumstances of any situation is absolutely essential.


(4)From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw a conclusion that,  although the parents' desire to look after children by themselves is understandable, its disadvantages far outweigh the advantages.




(5) From what has been discussed above,  we may safely draw the conclusion that, although extra studies indeed enjoy many obvious advantages,  its disadvantages shouldn't be ignored and far outweigh its advantages. It is absurd to force children to take extra studies after school.


(6)While achieving success is easier said than done, persistence does in fact pay off. One of the most important traits of a successful person is self-confidence, another is desire, and still another is determination.


(7)Independence offers many advantages, the first and foremost of which is self-determination.


(8)There has been undesirable trend in recent years towards the worship of money . A recent survey showed that X percent of respondents ranked getting rich as their top priority , compared to X percent only a few years ago . Why do people fail to realize that wealth does not necessarily bring happiness?


(9) Most people are of the opinion that wealth provides solutions to all problems. But in spite of the material benefits wealth provides , I believe one should abandon the pursuit of materialism and instead concentrate on the pursuit of happiness.



(1)China needs to reexamine the results of economic and social modernization in order to ascertain the benefits and indeed(表示加强含义) the detrimental aspects from a new perspective. Otherwise, various perceived accomplishments might in fact prove to be far from beneficial .


(2)We must avoid overindulgence and conspicuous consumption . We must instead continue to recognize the benefits of thrift in order to protect our newfound prosperity.


(3)Many of the explanations offered thus far are at least to a certain extent valid, but none fully address the problem and the issue must be examined in a wider context.


(4)There is little doubt that immediate action is required to eliminate the detrimental aspects of drunk driving once and forever.


(5)Some months ago , a friend of mine was killed in a tragic automobile accident involving a drunk driver . The incident was far from rare , and was in fact typical of thousands of cases involving drunk driving


(6)It is high time we put an end to the deplorable practice of food contamination .


(7)The most striking conclusion that can be reached when weighing the advantages and disadvantages of the market economy is quite frankly prosperity.


(8)The ample evidence presented enables us to reasonably conclude that the scourge of AIDS will be brought under control in the foreseeable future.